What Is 5G Network? How Fast Will Be 5G Internet Speed With Latest Technology?
Overview: 5G Network
Regardless of whether you are one of those diehards who are first in line at the Apple Store. It always seems to be like no matter what kind of mobile technology that you have in your pocket. It quickly becomes yesterday’s news and that may never be more evident than right now. As telecommunications providers worldwide are working on 5G which might be just as big of a deal as when we marvelled at being able to look at full-fat webpages on tiny phone screens.
Just after LTE became super widespread well while it’s admittedly a bit tricky to keep up with all the freaking different wireless standards and the Gs and what they all mean and all that kind of stuff. Which you can learn more on this website in our other important guides. The industry is hoping that 5G will be good enough to end constant talk of what the next G?
We will hopefully only need incremental improvements over time. Kind of how Windows 10 does that and they plan on updating forever. See, how that goes. So, what the heck is supposed to be so special about 5G? Anyways, well it’s being centred around the idea that the internet of things that are connected devices that enable self-driving cars, automated homes and more will become very important in the near future and that mobile data networks will need to be very robust to handle it all with wearables appliances, vehicles, mobile, AR and VR devices.
And, soon expected to push so much traffic through mobile data networks with some devices needing as many as multiple gigabytes per second. We will need not only faster overall speeds but also lower latency. Imagine if your self-driving car took half a second too long to make a critical turn and suddenly you have got a huge dent in your fender. Or more frightening Li in your body. 5G, however, is not only aiming to reduce latency to as low as one millisecond to allow real-time operation of important devices.
It also boasts a theoretical maximum speed of 20 gigabits per second. Way faster than the quickest LTE networks today or even Go fibre connections of course. This is a theoretical maximum and it looks like the bare minimum for the average user will be about a hundred megabits through. Again, this is still quite a bit faster than the real-world performance of many LTE deployments.
Part of this awesomeness is due to 5G’s usage of higher frequency waves which also gives it a much greater capacity for beamforming meaning signals can be focused on to areas where there’s more data traffic compared to existing cellular antennas.
Many of which are just omnidirectional and just kind of send signals out without regard for where usage is concentrated which is not good. Combine that with massive MIMO which will allow many users to share the same connection simultaneously with multiple antennas on a transmitter similar to the newer mu-mimo networks for home or Wi=fi connections.
And you will have a network that is not only quicker but also has better throughput. So, the quickly growing number of things connected to the mobile internet doesn’t become bottlenecked. The industry is hoping to have a million devices supported per square kilometre.
Possibly, meaning more delays at places like concerts, conventions or sporting events. Of course, this is a very ambitious project, so it’s not available quite yet. Current projections have 5G hitting the market sometime in 2019 with it becoming widespread around 2025. Since providers not only are trying to make 5G more uniform standards than what exists today. To ensure better compatibility around the world, but they also need time to build more infrastructure.
That infrastructure would include signals boosters since 5G’s shorter wavelength means, it’s more prone to signals degradation across great distances but even though most of us will have to wait a while to experience 5G trials are already underway in a few places in the United States and small scale.
Deployments are expected at the 2018 and 2020 Olympics to give attendees an early look at the tech before it reaches the mainstream. So, in summary, don’t chuck your LTE phone. Just yet don’t be surprised if in a few years whatever you are carrying in your pocket ends up putting your home internet connection to shame.
When a person is playing online game and the Ping is not right, then they slide off the track. The ping is all about how fast the data package gets from A to B online. So, in a case of the gamer, from game to the server, that’s called Latency. And, latency will not just be important for gaming in the future. But also, in lots of other areas of our lives, and which they are in. By the year 2020, practically everything will communicate with everything else in real-time. Of course, combine harvesters with the tractors that carry the grain to the Silo.
Shipping containers with the loading system in the port cars with traffic lights or your Smartwatch with the heating in your home. More than 200 billion things will be connected and the annual global volume of data will grow to a massive 44 zettabytes. That’s the equivalent of around 3 billion crammed full iPhones and to rise to all of these challenges. The industry is working on a global standard for the network of the future known as 5G. 5G of the mobile generation of the future unlike 3G and 4G, it’s not about seven billion people who want to communicate with each other.
Instead, 5G is all about 500 billion devices, the so-called Internet of Things will be regulated and controlled in real-time. In other words, the network needs to cope not just with throughput but also with other important issues of security network availability and latency. When you look at how a 4G and 3G worked, you see that it was a highly centralized system in which the base station communicated with an end device. Now, what’s happening is that the communication between end devices will play a larger role.
So, we have an interconnected system which you see for instance in cars that communicate with each other. Or, people who can establish networks among themselves. The network only controls how individual devices communicate with each other. That’s important because when you have 500 billion end devices. It’s just not technically possible to link them all. Centrally, the interconnection will ensure that people can communicate with each other.
In a way that is relatively fast, secure and energy-efficient, This sort of rapid communication is essential in cases such as the A9 Test Route between Munich and Nuremberg. Their cars learn to exchange data via the mobile network. In less than a blink of an eye. So that, for example, they can brake safely in an emergency in February twenty by the way.
How 5G (Fifth Generation) Technology Works?
It’s been a long time coming but the first-ever 5G spec was finally approved late last year. 5GNR, as it’s called will bring about super-fast mobile internet by tapping into a new spectrum, we are expecting to see the first five – you ready phones in the first half of 2019. Although most people likely won’t experience the full benefits of the new technology until about a year later still 5G NR. Note: You can compare 5G NR to LTE in 4G Networks.
5G NR promises to dramatically improve cellular internet speeds and enable experiences like always connect to laptops or live streaming from stand-alone VR headset the entire mobile industry is excited as hell for it. So, here’s a little guide to help you make sense of the hype. Let’s briefly go over what 5G is. It refers to the fifth generation of mobile networking standards determined by the 3GPP standards and technology leadership.
It is the organization that sets the guidelines for every company operating in cellular communications to get used to hearing the official name 5GNR. Which stands for a new radio, by the way, it doesn’t mean anything. Just be used they way LTE is today to differentiate it from previous versions where 3G brought the internet everywhere and 4G LTE made it faster. 5G NR is meant to vastly boost the capacity and speed of networks bringing you your high-resolution videos and 4K virtual reality live streams without any delay. One of the ways 5G will enable this is by tapping into a new unused band at the top of the radio spectrum these high bands are known as millimetre waves.
And, have been recently opened up by regulators for licensing they’ve largely been untouched by the public since the equipment required to use them effectively has typically been expensive and inaccessible like you would need a large satellite dish to use these waves to communicate over long distances. But, technology has improved to the point where the industry collectively believes we can start tapping them for consumer electronics and since they have not been used for much compares to lower bands.
They’re faster less congested and can, therefore, enable superfast transfers Holcomb said you can expect typical speeds of 1.4 gigabits per second, that’s 20 times faster than the average US home broadband connection at peak rates. Think five GBPS, it’s enough to string 54K movies from Netflix at the same time millimetre waves tend to be susceptible to interference and generally needs a maintained line of sight for transmission to work at the most basic level. A millimetre wave transmissions usually go in a straight line between point A and Point B.
But, with these waves, something as simple as a person walking in between the receiver and the transmitter can block the signals altogether. So, companies have to figure out how to make sure the signals get from base stations to mobile devices. And, with 5 GN R part of the solution are two processors called beamforming and beam-tracking with waves in the lower bands. Operators can simply send a bunch of them to your phone since they are strong enough to penetrate obstructions, think of sending a signal to your phone as trying to light up one person’s face in a pitch-black theatre.
With lower bands, it’s like using floodlights easy peasy you can cover large areas and most likely get the person’s face although maybe not very intensely with beamforming of millimetre waves it’s more like using a spotlight to find that place which is tricky. If the person turned away from the source, so you will have to get creative by using the environment. You can bounce light off reflective surfaces in the theatre or set up multiple spotlights in different places to make sure that there’s always one that can shine on your desired area.
You can also set these lights to sweep moving around along with the target companies like Qualcomm and Ericsson have made equipment that can send and receive these beams in the most simple scenario for beamforming. Where the biggest challenge is that the receiver is not facing the transmitter. The solution is as simple as bouncing the beam off a surface at a precise angle the receiving device uses beam tracking to determine which signals are the strongest and pick it up that sounds straightforward until you consider the challenges when implementing this in the real work.
Take an office building for example. Even when you have base stations set up on your floor. There are many variables to consider for instance metals bounce beams while concrete absorbs them. So, if you are inside a conference room and base stations from outside could potentially shoot a beam in through a wall. Hit a metal lamp and bounce off to your phone to get this to work reliably enough for public use.
There have to be a ton of beams for your phone to track not only that your phone’s antenna array has to be built in a way that your hand doesn’t completely cover up the receiver at any time quantum solution is to have antenna arrays in opposite corners of your phone and since many major smartphone brands announced. That they will be using Snapdragon 5G capable components for launches in the first half of 2019. This is likely to be the setup for most of the first five – you read phones, not sold or not convinced.
That millimetre waves will be stable enough for sure don’t panic yet just as your phone falls back to 3G. When LTE is not available, 4G will stick around to make sure, you remain connected to the Internet. Even if you are not using millimetre, waves most people won’t even have access to 5G immediately. The rollout is likely to be in the cities and spread out to rural areas and you may need an expensive high-end device to tap the new technology at first.
A later version of 5G will also allow things like IoT devices to connect some millimetre waves as well as allow for use of unlicensed spectrum. So, increase speeds some more but eventually, it should become as prevalent as 40 years. Today, when that happens, it will be time to think about 6G. Well, let’s not talk about 6G now.
Every new generation of wireless networks delivers faster speeds. And, more functionality to our smartphones. 1G brought us the very first cell phones. 2G let’s text for the first time. 3G brought us online and 4G delivered the speeds that we enjoy today. But as more users come online. 4G networks have just about reached the limit of what they are capable of. At a time, when users want even more data for their smartphones and devices.
Now, we are headed towards 5G, the next generation of wireless. It will be able to handle a thousand times more traffic than today’s networks. And, it will be upto 10 times faster than 4G LTE. Just imagine downloading an HD (High definition) movie in under a second. And, then let your imagination run wild. 5G will be the foundation for virtual reality. Autonomous driving the Internet of Things and stuff we cannot even yet imagine.
But, what exactly is a 5G network? The truth is experts cannot tell us what 5G is. Because they don’t even know yet. But, right now, there are 5 brand new technologies emerging as a foundation of 5G millimetre waves small cells massive MIMO beamforming and full-duplex.
1. Millimetre waves: Your smartphone and other electronic devices in your home use very specific frequencies on the radio frequency spectrum. Typically those under 6 GigaHertz. But, these frequencies are starting to get more crowded carriers can only squeeze so many bits of data on the same amount of radio frequency spectrum. As more devices come online, we are going to start to see slower service and more dropped connections. The solution is to open up some new real estate. So researchers are experimenting with broadcasting on shorter millimetre waves. Those that fall between 30 and 300 GigaHertz. This section of the spectrum has never been used before. For mobile devices and opening it up, means more bandwidth for everyone. But, there is a catch. Millimetre waves cannot travel well through buildings or other obstacles and they tend to be absorbed by plants and rain to get around this problem, we will need better technology.
2. Small Cells Network: Today’s wireless networks rely on large high powered cell towers to broadcast their signals over long distances. But remember higher frequency millimetre waves have a harder time travelling through obstacles which means if you move behind one, you lost your signal. Small cell networks would solve that problem using thousands of low-power mini base stations. These base stations would be much closer together than traditional towers forming a sort of relay team to transmit signals around obstacles. This would be especially useful in cities as the user moved behind an obstacle his smartphone would automatically switch to a new base station. In a better range of his device, allowing him to keep his connection next up technology.
3. Massive MIMO: MIMO stands for multiple inputs – multiple outputs. Today’s 4G base stations have about a dozen ports for antennas that handle all cellular traffic. But, massive MIMO base stations can support about a hundred ports. This could increase the capacity of today’s networks by a factor of 22 or more. Of course, massive MIMO comes with its complications. Today’s Cellular Antennas broadcast information in every direction. At once and all of those crossing signals could cause serious interference which brings us to technology.
4. Beam Forming: Beamforming is like a traffic signalling system for cellular signals. Instead of broadcasting in every direction, it would allow a base station to send a focused stream of data to a specific user. This precision prevents interface and it’s way more efficient. That means stations could handle more incoming and outgoing data streams at once. Here’s how it works, say you are in a cluster of buildings and you are trying to make a phone call. Your signal is ricocheting off of the surrounding building and crisscrossing with other signals from users in the area a massive MIMO base station receives all of these signals and keep track of the timing and the directions of their arrival. It then uses signals processing algorithms to triangulate exactly where each signal is coming from. And, plots the best transmission route back through the air to each phone. Sometimes, it will even bounce individual packets of data in different directions off of a building or other objects to keep signals from interfering with each other. The result is a coherent data stream sent only to you. Which brings us to another technology.
5. Full Duplex: If you have ever used a wall. You know that to communicate you have to take turns, talking and listening. That is kind of a drag. Today’s cellular base stations have that same hold up a basic antenna can only do one job at a time. Either transmit or receive. This is because of the principle called reciprocity. WHich is the tendency for radio waves to travel both forward and backward along with the same frequency to understand this? It helps to think of a wave-like a train loaded up with data the frequency, it’s travelling on is like the train track and if there’s a second train trying to go in the opposite direction on the same track, you are going to get some interference up. Until now, the solution has been to have the trains take turns or to put all the trains on different tracks or frequencies. But, you can make things a lot more efficient by working around reciprocity. Researches have used silicon transistors to create high-speed switches that halt the backward roll of these waves. It’s a kind of like signalling system that can momentarily reroute to train. So, they can get past each other. That means, there’s a lot more getting done on each track. A whole lot faster.
We are still working out many of the kinks with millimetre waves, small cell, Massive MIMO, Beamforming and Full Duplex. All of 5G is complex progress. It will likely include other new technologies too and making all of these systems work together. It will be a whole other challenge. But, if experts can figure that out, ultra-fast, 5G service could arrive in the next five years.
Will Qualcomm be the first 5G Company?
Like for a nation like India, RIL i.e. Reliance Industries Limited’s Jio company, take over the 4G VoLTE connections throughout the population. Will a similar step by taken b the Qualcomm. They say 5G is going to completely change our lives – from as simple to gaming, to driving, to as complex as medical care. This shift will be once in a decade upgrade for our wireless systems. Now, that all sounds great, but what is it and when can you get it?
Well, there’s a brand new, second-generation, a cellular module from the current leading chip company. Qualcomm that boosts the almighty power of 5G speeds for your phone. Except, we all don’t exactly have 5G phones yet, nor a 5G mobile network. However, this might be the year all that changes. If you are just being brought upto speed, 5G is known as the fifth generation of wireless network communication. Every time the technical rules that define the inner workings of cellular network changes, we get a new “generation” or “G” of technology, meaning to reap the benefits.
People have to but whole new phones and carriers will need to install new transmission equipment to deliver the speeds they promised. When we got 1G, it was for voice calls only, but the 2G gave us text messages, 3G added that multimedia support that we cannot imagine being without, like video chats and faster speeds, and now we have 4G- which has all the features of 3G but an added bump of speeds from 14 MBPS to 100 MBPS which changed the game. Now we have video chats in HD, HD mobile and TV, and live streaming apps.
But this next one is going to be big. 5G is anticipated to give users the fastest connectivity they have ever experienced. Its thought to be so fast, It would compete with our current fibre optic cables we have in your hand. But, other than major benefits of downloading 8K videos in seconds, and using VR and AR seamlessly, why does the world want data coming in so fast? Well, 5G Connectivity promises reduced latency, or lag time, to practically zero. But, if you are thinking it to be What is Latency?
Then the best possible answer says – The delay before a transfer of data begins following an instruction for its transfer. Meaning devices can communicate with each other in nearly real-time. We are talking about major improvements in the responsiveness in devices that use sensors to make an important decision; like self-driving cars that need to suddenly brake, or industrial robots that can be sent to hazardous areas and be controlled remotely from anywhere in the world or better yet, anything in the healthcare field.
For telemedicine, precision surgical robots, to remote surgery, or even virtual physical therapy sessions. All this without any data slow down. But, wait, how does any of this work? Well, 5G systems will run on smaller what they call, cell sites, their territory into different sections. Then, the exchange between cell sites and devices are made with encoded data, through radio waves, called OFDM. This encoding is not much different from what 4G LTE uses, but the frequencies they use within the spectrum are. Right now, the low-band spectrum that 4G LTE travels on is overly crowded and therefore we can only expect speeds upto 2Gs.
5G can currently travel on a couple of kind of airwaves. One low band frequency and one high band frequency. The plans are for low band frequency, 5G to operate through 4G cell sites that companies already have in place. But the encoding will be more flexible and use a bigger channel size to get upto 50 per cent better speeds than LTE. This is not too bad. But since we want the multi-gigabit, ultra-fast speeds, we are going to use higher frequencies on the millimetre wave spectrum.
Now, it slightly varies, but millimetre waves are signals estimated to be above 4 GHz or 30 GHz range, there is enough spectrum available to create big channels for very high speeds. But, what researchers have been struggling with is the fact that these wavelengths easily blocked and can only go very short distances. So a new infrastructure is needed. That’s why we have to get small cell sites. Hundreds, if not thousands of lower-power base stations (outputting only 2-10 watts each) will have to be built in and around city homes to keep the connectivity in place. There are select places around the US that already have some of them.
But, we still need our devices to upgrade to get the speeds we want. This is where Qualcomm chip comes in. Qualcomm is a wireless chip maker and they have been the forefront of advancements in this technology since the 3G era. Their new one, creatively called Snapdragon X55 5G, is a millimetre wave antenna the QTM525. The idea is that these modules will help smartphones connect to the new and improved network of 5G as well as stay connected to the previous Gs 2 through 4.
They anticipate that phone makers will embed three or four modules in their devices, so the device always gets a signal from one module even if the others are blocked by something like your hand. And, Qualcomm is not the only one, other brands are in the works to make 5G happen for the consumer market. So, for us to reap the benefits of this all-powerful 5G speed.
The whole infrastructure needs to change. You cannot have the 5G phone without the 5G network, and you cannot have the 5G network until you get the mini cell towers, but companies are making massive strides. Most of the phones and networks are planning to launch at the end of 2019. So keep your eyes, peeled, and your phones ready to throw out.
How Fast Will Be 5G Internet Speed?
We hate to point out the obvious, but “G” stands for Generation in 5G network. The generation that came before it, 4G, is not quite global, but it covers 88 countries according to the website Open Signal. This website is often cited for 4G facts and it tells us that “five countries had access to an LTE connection more than 90% of the time.” LTE means long term evolution and it is a standard for wireless data transmission.
The countries with the most available connections the last time we checked were in order – South Korea, Japan, Norway, Hong Kong, United States. What’s more important to most people, and it’s the sub-topic of today’s guide. In the age of our hyper-connectivity slowness kills; it kills browsing, it kills games, it kills jobs satisfaction, it kills companies and most importantly it kills the fun. Right now, the countries with the best 4G connections in terms of speed measured by megabytes per second are in order – Singapore, The Netherlands, Norway and South Korea, they all have above 40 MBPS.
This is the average speed in the country, and there is a huge disparity across the globe. The average 4g Connection in the USA, for instance, is 16.31 MBPS, while in India, it’s 6.07 MBPS, In Lithuania, its. 30.78 MBPS and in the UK it’s 23.11 MBPS. Asia and Europe are the continents to be for fast speeds and that’s because they have the best LTE infrastructure. Although quite a few countries in western Europe don’t have this great infrastructure and that’s why they have slower wireless speeds.
It’s also said that some countries in Asia and Europe developed 3G Technology early. So, they had a good infrastructure already. Open signal also tells us that a fast connection also depends on if a country has adopted new 4G technologies like LTE Advanced, how densely networks are built and how much congestion is on those networks. So, if you have a country that has developed LTE advanced infrastructure and has enabled devices and not much congestion you have good results.
That’s why connections are so much superior in Lithuania than they are in a country which houses Silicon Valley. So, if you are in parts of Asia (not all Asia for sure) or parts of eastern Europe. You can almost be sure to get a wireless connection and read this guide without any interruption.
That’s not the same for you guys in the USA, with one tech media outlet calling the country’s wireless connection “extremely and embarrassingly slow.” We are told that one of the reasons for this is LTE networks have just not been developed as well as in other countries. And while in US citizens can enjoy having a good proportion of time users have access to a network. They won’t be raving about speed anytime soon.
Maybe the US doesn’t care much about its poor world rank, because everyone now is talking about the new 5G technology. The question everyone is asking, of course, is how good will 5G be, and as many of our viewers are from the US and have just heard this disturbing news about a fairly bad 4G connection, they might be wondering if they will also get a raw deal when it comes to 5G.
Will 5G mean the end of annoying stops and starts or are Americans and some parts of the rest of the world destined to have slow speeds for years to come? Ok, so when we change a generation of the next generation, what that means is that some fundamental differences have occured. In the case of wireless internet, that means such things as better transmission technology added frequency bands, higher peak bit rates, improved bandwidth in Hertz and ability for more data transfers.
In short, information sent across the Internet is processed faster and you get it quicker. And, you can do whatever it is you are doing with a smile on your face. The technology has improved, end of the case. You might now ask, so what’s the major changes with 4G and 5G? Firstly some of you know firsthand that 4G was far better than 3G and in some cases gave speeds to people that were much faster.
Similar improvements will be made when we go to 5G. We are told that LTE advanced technology has allowed a data rate of upto 16 GB per second with 4G. But the world has been informed that with 5G, one might be looking at 5 to 10 GB per second. Some say as much as 20 GB per second. You might now be thinking, my 4G doesn’t give me 1 GB per second and didn’t you just say the USA averages a paltry 16 MBPS. But, what’s written here is just the Average Speed.
Your car might be able to do run at 130 Kilometers per hour all out, but it averages closer to 50 Kilometers per hour. We are told with 5G there is no way you are going to get 10 or 20 GB per second on average but it will still be a metaphorical Porsche for the piece of old junk you have in the driveway right now. These massive upticks in speed are partly due to new frequencies being available. As explained on various platforms “4G LTE technology is only capable of using lower frequency bands.
Right now, it can only operate upto 6 GHz, whereas the radio bands that 5G will be able to handle will be anywhere between 30 GHz and 300 GHz.” This will make all the difference, and we are told with 5G, we might be looking at phones that can do much more than before. Such as downloading larges files and generally using more advanced software. The new frequencies won’t be crowded and because it uses wavelength it will be able to handle more devices. That means less congestion.
Testing so far has shown 1,000 devices per meter, and that is a lot. One of the reasons why your net seems to disappear for the most part is because of crowded networks, and with 5G it is hoped this won’t happen. Will-less crowding you will also get more speed, so much in fact that it’s being said that this connection will be able to replace regular Wi-Fi connections.
That’s because on average, you might be looking at getting around 100 MBPS, which is far greater than what you get now with 4G. Still, it will depend on where you live. Will people in Seoul still be laughing while folks in South Carolina have buffering PTSD? It’s not easy to answer because right now, we don’t know the state of the infrastructure. There are reports that South Korea, China and Japan are all in the running to getting the networks up first. But, the USA is also in with a chance.
Here, we are talking widespread availability, in some parts of the US, you can already get a 5G connection. But, it isn’t a regular mobile connection. There is a limited 5G connection in some other countries too. We are told we are on the brink of full rollout happening, and in 2020, the thing will be well on the way. By 2024, it is estimated, by some experts at least, that 40 per cent of the world will have 5G. With so many people gaining access to 5G.
4G vs. 5G: Comparisons
4G: The mobile network that’s used around the world to make calls, send messages and surf the web. Now, there are plans for 4G to be replaced by, you guessed it, 5G. 5G is a new, faster network that has the potential to transform the internet. 5G is a software-defined network – it means that while it won’t replace cables entirely, it could replace the need for them by largely operating on the cloud instead. This means it will have a 100x better capacity than 4G – which will dramatically improve internet speeds.
For example, to download a two-hour film on 3G would take about 26 hours, on 4G you would be waiting 6 minutes, and on 5G you will be ready to watch your film in just over three and half seconds. But, it’s not just internet capacity that will be upgraded. Response times will also be much faster. The 4G network responds to our commands in just under 50 milliseconds. With 5G it will take around one millisecond – 400 times fast er than a blink of the eye.
Smartphone users will enjoy a more streamlined experience but for a world that is increasingly dependent on the internet just to function, a reduction in time delay is critical. Self-driving cars, for example, require a continuous stream of data. The quicker that information is delivered to autonomous vehicles, the better and safer, they can run. For many analysts, this is just one example of how 5G could become the connective tissues for the Internet of Things, an industry that’s set to grow threefold by 2025, linking and controlling not just robots, but also medical devices, industrial equipment and agriculture machinery.
5G will also provide a much more personalised web experience using a technique called network slicing. It’s a way of creating separate wireless networks on the cloud, allowing users to create their bespoke network. For instance, an online gamer needs faster response times and greater data capacity than a user that just wants to check their social media. Being able to personalise the internet will also benefit businesses.
At big events like Mobile World Congress for example – there is a mass influx of people in one particular area using data-heavy applications. But with 5G, organizers could pay for an increased slice of the network, boosting its internet capacity and thus improving its visitors’ online experience.
So, when can we start using 5G?
Well, not yet according to some analysts not until 2020. 5G was created years ago and has been talked up ever since. Yet, it’s estimated that even by 2025, the network will still lag. Both 4G and 3G in terms of global mobile connections. Its mainstream existence faces multiple hurdles. The most significant of these, of course, is cost. According to some experts, 5G could cause network operators to tear up their current business models for it to make business sense. In the United Kingdom, for example, 3G and 4G networks were relatively cheap to set up because they were able to roll out on existing frequencies, on the country’s radio spectrum.
For 5G to work properly, however, it needs a frequency with much bigger bandwidth which would require brand new infrastructure. Some analysts believe that extensive building and running costs will force the operator to share the use and management of the mobile network. This has been less of an obstacle for countries like China, who are taking a more coherent approach. The government, operators and local companies such as Huawei and ZTE are about to launch big 5G trials that would put them at the forefront of equipment production for the new technology. That may be at the expense of the West, where there is concern regarding Asia’s 5G progress.
A leaked memo from national security council to the White House called for a nationalized 5G network to keep the US ahead of their global competitors. White House officials dismissed the idea, but some experts predict by 2025 nearly half of all mobile connections in the US will be 5G. A greater percentage than any other country or the region. It’s still likely however that much of the West will have a more radical approach to 5G driven by competition but with a patchy style of development. For Example, AT & T pledged to start rolling out 5G later this year, but in just a handful of cities.
For key industrial zones however, it’s predicted the technology will be adopted quickly, while for many in rural areas 5G may be a long way off. But, when 5G does establish itself and fulfils its supposed potential, it could even change how we get the internet at home and work – with the wireless network replacing the current system of phone lines and cables. It may not happen overnight but 5G is coming.