What Is Net Neutrality? Pros & Cons? It’s Importance In India (In 2019)?

What Is Net Neutrality? Pros & Cons? It’s Importance In India (In 2019)? – Just to inform those who don’t know, net neutrality already exists right here in India. Otherwise, we could not be able to use the internet with the same level of comfort as we’re enjoying it today.

The whole scene of Net Neutrality is right here in the United States of America only.

Undoubtedly, it does partially exist in China. But with the European Union, the case is as similar to India, no Net Neutrality right there. But, first let’s learn in the simplest possible language, what does net neutrality mean?

Net Neutrality is a procedure where Internet Service Providers are given the power to do what they want. That doesn’t mean to put you behind the bars without any reason.

But that means they can charge whatever amount of money from you for using one of the best services of the internet in the world. Undoubtedly the finger is pointing towards the world’s second-largest search engine and the largest video platform – YouTube.

Everyone and their mom know that videos eat more internet data of your plan in comparison to text. On the other hand, for Internet Service Providers, video platforms use more bandwidth than a normal text website.What Is Net Neutrality? Pros & Cons? It's Importance In India (In 2019)?

How ISPs Can Take Advantage Of It?

If Net Neutrality is removed, ISPs can ask the users to keep paying what they are paying for a normal database pack.

But, in case they want to use YouTube, they will have to pay X amount extra or as additional charges. Similarly, they can ask the owners of YouTube, Google, Facebook and Netflix etc. to pay according to “for how much time their videos are being streamed” or maybe any other options.

Even this can lead to corruption, allowing Internet Service Providers to make the amount of money they want. Thus, converting their Internet plans into a money-making machine. More real-life examples later.

What Is Net Neutrality? Pros & Cons? It’s Importance In India (In 2019)?

According to December 2017 reports of CNBC International and Other Major Media & Publications of US, the internet may be about to change for millions of Americans.

The Trump Administration is planning to roll back another Obama-era policy, the protection of net neutrality.

The FCC, the Federal Communications Commission, will make a decision that could affect everything from internet speeds, to overall access, to the amount it costs to go online.

Net neutrality is the idea that Internet Service Providers, or ISPs, should treat all internet traffic the same, giving every consumer equal access to all the content online. 

That means, large corporations, like Verizon or Comcast, cannot limit or manipulate your online activity to favour their business interests. Net Neutrality also aims to protect smaller companies from being strangled by larger companies.

Its advocates argue it ensures the internet remains a place for innovation, which is why it’s helped produce startup, after startups. Since 2002, the FCC has classified broadband internet as an information service, meaning cable providers couldn’t be forced to share their infrastructure with competitors.

It wasn’t until 2010 that the FCC adopted its Open Internet Order, the first time net neutrality rules became official regulation. However, three years later, Verizon successfully sued the FCC arguing that if broadband providers were classified as just an information service, it meant the FCC didn’t have enough authority to enforce these rules.

Pros & Cons Of Net Neutrality

Pros (Advantages):

  • All the Internet Service Providers whether smaller ones (Vodafone) or Bigger Ones (Reliance Jio) are given equal opportunity to give the best of their services.
  • Leaves no chances of corruption.
  • Everyone has the right to receive the same speed under the given data pack.

Cons (Disadvantages):

  • Taking advantage of Net Neutrality, large ISPs can dominate the market and can create a monopoly.
  • Can lead to corruption. How? For example (just an imaginary vice-versa situation), if a user wants to buy a product from Flipkart because he loves that website. The ISPs can ban Flipkart on their network as per their choice and may try to divert all the users to any other shopping portal which could have paid them like – Amazon, Snapdeal, Wallmart etc. (Note – this is just hypothetical scenario).
  • Right to speech will be affected. Users can be banned anytime from using any website using that particular internet service.
  • Violent or the content that must not be viewable everywhere can be used to exploit our society and culture (i.e. riots, massacres, nudity, etc.,).

Effects Of End Of Net Neutrality (Scene In USA)

It’s hard to estimate just how much broadband changed the internet. Back when you had to connect to the internet using dial-up, information travelled slowly.

Pages took forever to load and watching all the images uploaded on the ALLTECHBUZZ would have been impossible.

Today’s internet is a completely different creature, which is why it’s so puzzling that the last time Congress passed major legislation for regulating the internet, it was in 1966.

And so the task of regulating the internet has fallen to five unelected bureaucrats: The Federal Communications Commission. As the tools, we use to access the Internet have changed.

They’ve had to decide what kinds of rules the companies that provide those tools should have to follow.

And, now under a new commissioner appointed by President Trump, the FCC has altered those rules in a way that could fundamentally change how we use the internet. This decision will not break the internet.

This decision puts the Federal Communications Commission on the wrong side of history. It creates a free for all, that we have not had on the internet in the past and that’s very very dangerous.

ALLTECHBUZZ teams estimate this to be a cable-ization of the internet. This is a dark day for innovation, this is a dark day for small business, it is a dark day for consumers.

First, let’s define what most people mean when they talk about Net Neutrality. A good working consensus model that most would agree with is the idea that Internet Service Providers should treat all traffic on the same more or less the same on their network.

This means the companies whose wires and towers we use to access the internet cannot block or slow down data from certain sites or apps.

They cannot make special deals to move certain data long faster than everybody else’s. Internet content providers like Facebook, Google, Netflix – they love net neutrality because it means that even if some of their products, like streaming any X video, for example, take up a lot more bandwidth than others like email.

Internet Service Provider cannot charge them extra for getting all that data to our phones and computers.

Which is exactly why ISPs in United States Of America such as AT&T, Comcast and Verizon etc. hate Net Neutrality. If they could charge Netflix and Youtube extra for those big packets of data, they could make a lot of money and now that the FCC has scrapped the net neutrality rules, they almost certainly will.

Internet Service Providers will also be able to charge customers more to access sites or apps that take up more bandwidth. And some argue this will mean more choices for consumers.

But by privileging established tools like Instagram, these plans could make it a lot harder for new ones to breakthrough.

It’s time when more than ever we want to encourage and keep open a playing field for new services, new platforms, to be able to get in the game and provide a real alternative.

I mean, imagine a world in which we were all still stuck with MySpace. I don’t think, you know, that’s what we want, Net Neutrality is part of why that’s not what we have.

Until 2005 Internet Service providers were classified as Common Carriers which meant the FCC could regulate them like phone companies.

In the internet’s early days, these regulations kept phone companies from charging customers extra for using dial-up services like AOL and when phone companies started offering DSL Broadband Service over their lines, common carrier rules force them to let their competitors use those lines too.

Which meant customers had tons of choices when it came to picking an Internet Service Provider. A 2003 page from the Washington Post liss 18 different DSL options for the Washington DC region.

Today, residents have less than half as many choices. So, what happened? In 2005 the FCC did the same thing it did in 2017.

It said ISPs were not common carriers and it stopped regulating them like phone companies and without that regulation, ISPs became virtual monopolies.

Today, two-thirds of Americans live in areas with just one choice for high-speed internet. And, if their ISPs start blocking, slowing down or charging more as a result of this rule change, their options are to put up with it or go without the Internet.

Even though majorities of both Republican and Democratic Voters Support Net Neutrality, it doesn’ look like Congress or the FCC will be bringing it back anytime soon.

Hopefully, with this guide of ALLTECHBUZZ media, all your questions related to Net Neutrality Debate, Repeal, Explained Pros and Cons, Examples, Gone Reddit Articles etc. are cleared. But, still, you need not worry if having any more doubts.

All your questions regarding What Is Net Neutrality? Pros & Cons? It’s Importance In India (In 2019)? can be asked right below in the provided comment box below. Experts from ALLTECHBUZZ team will undoubtedly answer those queries as soon as possible.

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