What Is the Processor?
We all know that processors are all about Speed. But, there is more to learn about it. So, mainly in this guide, we will talk about, what the processor is, how does it work and what its main features are? The processor is a chip responsible for calculations. It makes all the logical decision which are all the tasks your computer does from the simplest things as opening a window to the most complex like completing a 3d animation.
For this reason, the processor is known as the brain of the computer. To understand how it works, image this scenario. We have a processor and next to it memory RAM and inputs are coming from the output devices. Your hard drive, mouse, keyboard and monitor, the mode of communication between them is called the motherboard. It is responsible for linking the processor to all. The components of your computer, the processor executes three basic functions, receive input data, process this data and provide output data.
But, what exactly does all this mean? When you type in some text, for example, each letter entered is input data, the processor receives this data, processes it and provides the output in this case. Everything that you type will appear immediately on your screen. All this is done in a fraction of a second. There are other types of processors too, which may be installed on your system. But every processor contains several important features. Here are the main ones.
The Socket: The socket is a type of physical connection between the processor and the motherboard. And, it is responsible for transmitting energy to the processor.
The Core: The cores are responsible for the processing speed. The more cores, a processor has, the more functions it can execute simultaneously. Without overloading your system.
The Clock: The clock is responsible for defining the frequency that your processor will use to execute one task. It’s measured by Hertz. This means the number of cycles that can happen in a given amount of time. In this case, in seconds for example – if a processor has a two gigahertz clock speed, it can have upto two billion cycles per second. So, the higher your clock speed is, the lower the execution time will be. Which for you means a faster processor.
The Cache: The cache is the auxiliary memory of a processor. Where the most accessed data that will be processed is identified. And, then, stored the processor. Accesses this memory and can execute the action – faster, because it’s more readily available. This is one more important factor that has a direct impact on the processor speed. The more cache there is, the more quick storage capacity you have. Which results in a faster speed.
AMD vs Intel?
So further in this guide is the suggestion for if you’re willing to purchase a laptop and desktop and are confused if to get the Intel Processor or AMD processor? Depending on the budget and requirements, which will suit you the best? This confusion mainly arrives when the person is about to purchase the new laptop or assembled PC etc. But, in many cases because of lesser knowledge, the seller or the shop owner may take advantage of this and can sell you the fake product.
Before we begin, just to let you know, in this remaining guide, there will be no benchmark comparison between, this model of Intel is bad and this model of AMD is good. Because it will make this guide more confusion. Thus, instead of it, we will be discussing here the best out of Intel and AMD depending on the three major factors i.e. Power, Price and Performance.
Comparison Based On Price:
You may know it very well even with some details available on the web, that processors of Intel are quite expensive than processors of AMD. If you will compare the price range of these products on the scale of 10 then you will come to know that the price range of Intel will range between 4 to 10 and the price range of AMD will range between 2 to 8. This, if willing to go for a neck to next comparison, then you will get AMD processors in a little cheaper rate than Intel processors. Just based on this point, we advise you to take the AMD processor if you’re taking up the budget laptop or the budget PC (personal computer).
In a lower budget or price range, you’re advised to go with the AMD. Because, if your budget is all near around Rs. 20,000, Rs. 25,000 or Rs. 30,000 whether it is a laptop or the PC, just make sure to go through the AMD. Because it that lower price range, you may not get enough quality from Intel. Now proceeding with the next…
Comparison Based On Power:
The case is just the opposite in the case of Power. Power consumption of Intel Processors is too low, and that’s great. It’s almost 50% in comparison to the AMD processors. So, if you’re planning to purchase a laptop, and in that, if you’re looking for longer battery life, you’re advised to go through the Intel processors. But, AMD if purchased in the same range, is likely to increase your light bit a little bit, but performance in the same range will be awesome with the AMD.
Talking about the high-end segments, so, if you are planning to build a high-end specifications PC ranging from Rs. 50,000 onwards to Rs. 2 Lakh or more, then you’re recommended to use the Intel processors only. Moreover, compatibility is also more. The built up will be expendable and you get more and more options for upgrades with the Intel Processors. Because, if you’re looking to go for a video editing, or audio editing and other major things, then you’re at a little advantage than with the Intel, in comparison to AMD.
Now, if talking about the laptops, then all the laptops above Rs. 40,000, you will be getting with the Intel processor only. But, if talking about the desktop, and you’re looking to go with the gaming only. Being a computer game lovers, you’re advised to go with the AMD processor only. Because, in a lower end segment, you can get better performance with AMD in comparison to Gaming Graphics of Intel processors. But what if you lie in the middle segment or middle tier.
Then you’re advised to go with the AMD processors, you can save some money right here. Then again you’re advised to purchase a GPU or Graphics Card in short and then apply it with AMD processors you have purchased. This way, you can get the best performance undoubtedly for gaming purposes. Talking about the performance, there is no doubt in the fact that, the performance of Intel is far better than the AMD processor, irrespective of the fact if they’re of lower end or the higher end. But the main problem lies in the budget. Suppose if you’re talking about the 4 on the scale of 1 to 10. At this range, you will get the best model of AMD and ok model of Intel.
i3 vs. i5 vs. i7 vs i9
We all love Intel as much as any other important part of the PC. They make cool products, they engage in lots of community stuff. But when it comes to confusing product naming schemes, our team think core i3, Core i5, Core i7 takes the cake. The great question is what is a core i7 4790k. What the heck does all of this even mean? We will get to that, but first a bit of background about why we need product names for processors. Wouldn’t it be simpler to just label them with how many Gigahertz?
They run that and call it a day. Simpler, Sort of but at times even more confusing for example, when tie Pentium 4 launched, an equivalently clocked Pentium 3 was faster. Because it could do more work with each cycle as a customer. I would expect the product with the higher number to be the better one and therein lies the problem.
Not all Megahertz and Gigahertz have created equal and rating products that way is about like reading the performance of a car based on what RPM the engine runs at. It’s not a real indication of how fast the processor is. But, it happened now, one of AMD’s attempts to move away from this started in the early 2000s. With their PR or performance, rating naming scheme where their processors were given a four-digit model number. That enthusiasts believe was based on the performance and he felt that they delivered compared to an Intel CPU of that clock speed. But, this fixed nothing.
They were still indirectly naming according to Clock Speed and it was not until Intel introduced the core series. A line of CPUs that dramatically outperformed their predecessors at much lower clocks that the Megahertz war ended. Because Intel needed to shift their marketing away from frequency. So, here’s what we have today. Other than very bare-bones, Pentium SKUs, a core i3 will be your most basic option with two processing cores and hyperthreading more about this feature here.
For better multitasking, it has a smaller cache, it will consume less power, it will generally perform worse than a core i5. But, it will cost less which leads us to the core i5. I wish I could say it was as simple as a good core i3s have two cores and Core i5 have 4 cores and Core i7 have 6 cores, this all equals n minus 1. But, it’s not mobile, core i5s have two cores and hyperthreading while desktop ones mostly have four cores and no hyperthreading but, what they all have in common is improved onboard graphics and turbo boost.
For temporary performance enhancements when your system needs a little bit more power and with the cool mind. But Core i7s – 1. All core i7s have hyperthreading for heavy workloads. At number two, that’s the noise, your brain is going to make as I finish my explanation. Here a core i7 can have anywhere from two processing cores in an ultrabook all the way upto eight in a workstation.
It might support anywhere from two sticks of memory to eight and it can have a TDP anywhere from around 10 watts. To a hundred and thirty watts so there’s a ton of variety here and that’s for a reason. Core i7 tend to have more cache faster, turbo boost and better onboard graphics then the lower tier processors and I guess other than that, the best summary I can give is this a core i7 represents the best thing. Intel could build for a given use, the case with the biggest drawback.
Being the huge price tag. So, when you boil it down, that’s all the i-whatever numbers, represent good, better or best within a given segment. Beyond that, on their own, they are pretty much meaningless the numbers and letters afterwards sort of means something if you use the guide from before.
But the safest way to shop is to dig around in an arc and look at the features, core counts and clock speeds of the CPUs. You’re comparing to figure out how they stack up with the good news being that as long as you compare within one brand and within the same product generation, those metrics will mean something.